CrossFit, Paleo Diet, alcohol and athletes.
- alcohol slows recovery from training and exercise
- alcohol increases decline in muscle performance
- alcohol impairs nerve response to training and exercise.
About alcohol and athletes and the paleolthic diet (the paleo diet): a lot of athletes follow it. Especially CrossFit athletes. And I’ve been hearing a lot about alcohol in the CrossFit community. Questions floating around have been: Is Vodka the best drink for people following a paleo diet? And Is Vodka best for CrossFit? I’m not sure why these questions are coming up so often. I would attribute it to geekery. People with geeky tendencies spend a lot of energy tweeking and micro-adjusting. You can see this a lot in the Paleo diet community and among CrossFit people as well. This tendency seems to come with the drive for perfection.
I was asked an interesting question by a teenager who has cut milk and juice out of his diet because they are “unhealthy”. He follows the paleo diet. You don’t need juice or milk to have a healthy diet. But the question was not about that. The young person asked if he should drink Vodka because he had read that it was “the healthiest drink.”
Is drinking alcohol good for athletes?
That was funny. You might think “good try bud.” But it wasn’t all funny because he is sincere in wanting to be healthy. And sincere in following the paleo diet. I mentioned the story to an adult friend who is also follows the paleo diet and received “funny” and authoritative response. “That is actually true.” Where is this idea about vodka coming from? I thought “maybe Mark’s Daily Apple?” But Mark is pretty good about outlining the good and the bad. Alcohol can be quite dangerous when used recklessly. It can also be dangerous when used in ignorance. Are there other teens out there who think they should be downing vodka after weighlifting? Other adults? Is alcohol bad for athletes? Is alcohol Paleo?
|A young boy rests between lifts at CrossFit Seven in Fort Worth, TX. This is not the kid who asked about Vodka|
Looking at alcohol and athletics from current research: athletes should not drink alcohol after training. Even moderate amounts slow recovery. And even moderate mounts reduce strength (Barnes et al. 2010). Alcohol also seems to impair activation of muscle contraction. (Barnes et al. 2012). For a current (2010) review of what’s known and what still needs work the Vella paper is a good place to start. You can read it free here.
Research so far, and a lot of anecdotal evidence, indicates that alcohol (ethanol) is not good for athletic performance. And that alcohol is not good strength gain. Feel free and comfortable telling this to any teens who ask about alcohol and health. Or about alcohol and athletes. As for the “is alcohol paleo?” question one could think about evolution and selective pressure.
Is Alcohol Paleo?
Since the Paleo Diet is an attempt to follow a pre-agricultural diet we’ll have to use our imaginations to answer that question. Were paleolithic people (or monkeys or australopithecus) who drank alcohol more likely to reproduce and pass along their genes? Let’s guess yes on reproduction. Survival of offspring . . . might depend on how drunk, how often. Let’s guess the occasional handful of fermented berries would have given best odds.
Barnes MJ, Mündel T, & Stannard SR (2010). Acute alcohol consumption aggravates the decline in muscle performance following strenuous eccentric exercise. Journal of science and medicine in sport / Sports Medicine Australia, 13 (1), 189-93 PMID: 19230764
Barnes MJ, Mündel T, & Stannard SR (2012). The effects of acute alcohol consumption and eccentric muscle damage on neuromuscular function. Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquee, nutrition et metabolisme, 37 (1), 63-71 PMID: 22185621
Vella LD, & Cameron-Smith D (2010). Alcohol, athletic performance and recovery. Nutrients, 2 (8), 781-9 PMID: 22254055 Barnes MJ, Mündel T, & Stannard SR (2010). Acute alcohol consumption aggravates the decline in muscle performance following strenuous eccentric exercise. Journal of science and medicine in sport / Sports Medicine Australia, 13 (1), 189-93 PMID: 19230764